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Before 1993, the EU was not as big as it is today. European countries started to cooperate economically since 1951, when only states such as Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Germany, The Netherlands and Italy participated. Romania is not a member country of the Schengen Area. “For our citizens and businesses a comprehensive agreement with our neighbor, friend and ally is the best outcome,” Michel said. Any country that satisfies the conditions for membership can apply. Its capital is Ljubljana and the official language is Slovenian. Gradually, more countries decided to join. Lithuania is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. Its capital is Rome and the official language in Italy is Italian. The political system in Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic. And it regularly organises awareness-raising events for EU law enforcement officers so as to enhance their knowledge of its services, and thus help their international cases. The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. The largest happened on 1 May 2004, when ten member states joined. Belgians comprise 2.2% of the total EU population. Belgium is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 30,528 km², and population number 11,258,434, as per 2015. Greece’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the eurozone on January 1, 2001. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. HU - Hungary 16. Luxembourgers comprise 0.1% of the total EU population. None of these countries are part of the European Union, but aside of Switzerland, others are all part of the European Economic Area. Negotiations are then formally opened on a subject-by-subject basis. AT - Austria 2. In 2008, a financial crisis hits the global economy. Croatia’s currency is Croatian Kuna HRK. The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union on 31 January 2020. During the 1990s, a small village in Luxembourg gave its name to the ‘Schengen’ agreements that would gradually allow people to travel without having their passports checked at the borders within the area. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €3.026 trillion, as per 2015. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €78.071 billion, as per 2015. The European Union at 12, rather than at six, was quite different from the initial six-member union, and in light of the numerous achievements, the European Union attracted a new set of well-off countries who, until then, belonged to a competing, yet looser forms of integration, the so-called European Free Trade Area, that still exists today. Luxembourg’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €444.235 billion, as per 2015. The political system is a Federal Parliamentary Republic and its currency is the Euro (€), sinc… The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €409,407 billion, as per 2015. The Euro currency emerged from the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. The Portuguese comprise 2% of the total EU population. Luxembourg is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 2,586 km², and population number 562,958, as per 2015. Its free trade agreements foresee the elimination of import duties on industrial goods and fish. Slovenia is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. The United Kingdom and Denmark sought exemption from the monetary union at the inception of the Eurozone. Schengen countries are those European countries which have signed the Schengen Agreement. It consists of the heads of state or government of the member states, together with its President and the President of the Commission. Its geographical size is 505,944 km², while the population number in 2015 was 46,449,565. It has been engaged extensively with EU institutions like NATO. Greece is a member country of the Schengen Area since January 1, 2000. Sweden is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 438,574 km², and population number 9,747,355, as per 2015. Malta is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 315 km², and population number 429,334, as per 2015. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The political system in Belgium is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Portugal is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1986 with its geographic size of 92,226 km², and population number 10,374,822, as per 2015. Its capital city is Sofia, and the official language in Bulgaria is Bulgarian. Slovakia is also a member state of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. The Italians comprise 12% of the total EU population. Croatians comprise 0.8% of the total EU population. Greeks comprise 2.1% of the total EU population. Germany’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Poland is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. The list includes the Convention of 26 May 1997, drawn up on the basis of Article K.3(2)(c) of the Treaty on European Union, on the fight against corruption involving officials of the European Communities or officials of Member States of the European Union. Germany is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 357,376 km², and population number 81,197,537, as per 2015. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €17,421 billion, as per 2015. The 27 European countries that are part of the EU: Austria is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 83,879 km², and population number 8,576,234, as per 2015. Italy is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 302,073 km², and population number 60,795,612, as per 2015. FR - France 12. The European Union finds itself in the most perilous quandary sine the immediate post–World War II period. The European Union aims to be an area of freedom, security and justice, without internal frontiers. ES - Spain 10. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €1.081trillion. If the Member States of the European Union are listed together at the head of the table, they must be listed according to protocol order (see Section 7.1.1 first table). The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €43,897 billion, as per 2015. Table Ireland is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1973 with its geographic size of 69,797 km², and population number 4,628,949, as per 2015. Europeans need to feel confident that, wherever they move within the EU, their freedom and their security are well protected, in full compliance with the Union's values, including the rule of law and fundamental rights. Sweden’s currency is the Swedish Krona (SEK). CY - Cyprus 5. The Czech Republic is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 78,868 km², and population number 10,538,275, as per 2015. Portugal holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 3 times between 1992 and 2007. As of 1 January 2017, the population of the EU is about 511.6 million people. Lithuania is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 65,286 km², and population number 2,921,262, as per 2015. BG - Bulgaria 4. Its currency is € (Euro), from Belgium became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Croatia is not a member country of the Schengen Area. Latvia holds 8 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2015. Despite being within the EU territories, Albania is not part of the European Union. Ireland’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. GR - Greece 14. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €8.796 billion, as per 2015. Over time, more and more countries decided to join. Since June 2014 it has been an official candidate for European Union accession. Copyright © 2013 - 2020 SchengenVisaInfo.com. The political divisions, during the 2000s, between the east and west Europe finally healed and 10 more new countries joined the EU in 2004, followed by Bulgaria and Romania which joined in 2007. 19 member states in the EU use the Euro as their currency. 33,577,342 people participated in the referendum, a turnout of 72.2%. In 1993, the ‘Single Market’ was completed with the four freedoms: The 1990s were also a decade of treaties: the ‘Maastricht’ Treaty on the European Union in 1993 and the treaty of Amsterdam in 1999. 2-11). The political system is a parliamentary republic. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The first agreement establishing the European Economic Community was signed in 1957 by … The Irish comprise 0.9% of the total EU population. In 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community began the uniting of European countries economically and politically to gain lasting peace. Member states must agree unanimously for the EU to adopt some policies; for others, coll… Headquartered in The Hague, the Netherlands, we assist the 28 EU Member States in their fight against serious international crime and terrorism. Later, in 1986 the Single European Act was signed, which also created the ‘Single Market’. The political system is a semi-presidential republic. In 2013, Croatia became the 28th member to enter the EU. Its capital is Bratislava and the official language is Slovak. Luxembourg is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. When European countries started to cooperate economically in 1951, only Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands participated. M a l t a S l o v e n i a L u x e D u t c h D a n e s C z e c h S l o v a k U K P o l e G r e e k I t a l y I r i s h L a t v i a ... About Fight List. themillenniumreport.com/2017/06/the-member-nations-of-the-european-union Greece joined in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 and Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995. The EU adopted a comprehensive approach to tackle the issues of foreign fighters and home-grown terrorism. The most common place where you will encounter abbreviations in the European Union (EU) is with the names of the countries themselves. HR - Croatia 15. The Slovenians comprise 0.4% of the total EU population. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Romania’s currency is Romanian Leu (RON). On January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom officially left the European Union, starting the 11-month transition period. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The sovereignty and power of the EU do not clash with that of member states; on the contrary, … Click Here for Items Related To - List Of European Union Member States By Unemployment Rate This is list of European Union member states by unemployment and employment rate. Poland is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 612,679 km², and population number 38,005,614, as per 2015. Romania is a member country of the EU since January 1, 2007 with its geographic size of 238,391 km², and population number 19,870,647, as per 2015.The Romanians comprise 3.9% of the total EU population. Croatia is a member country of the EU since July 1, 2013 with its geographic size of 56,594 km², and population number 4,225,316, as per 2015. 1. Its capital is Zagreb and the official language in Croatia is Croatian. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €38.543 billion, as per 2015. The European Union founded by six countries namely Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Its capital is Amsterdam and the official language is Dutch. The political system is a parliamentary republic. This brought a good period for the economy, as the EU countries stopped charging customs duties when trading with each other. Its capital is Warsaw and the official language is Polish. Cyprus is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 9,251 km², and population number 847,008, as per 2015. Austrians comprise 1.7% of the total EU population. Unlike members of other international organisations, the member states of the EU have agreed by treaty to shared sovereignty through the institutions of the European Unionin some (but by no means all) aspects of government. In particular, these rules ensure that banks take measured risks and that a bank that errs pays for its losses and faces the possibility of closure while minimising the cost to the taxpayer. Slovaks comprise 2.2% of the total EU population. Latvians comprise 0.4% of the total EU population. Since 1985, it has gradually grown and encompasses today almost all EU countries and a few associated non-EU countries. Finland is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 338,440 km², and population number 5,471,753, as per 2015. Slovakia holds 13 seats in the European Parliament and is currently holding the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €207.220 billion, as per 2015. Its capital is Riga and the official language is Latvian. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union, consisting of 27 member states that are subject to the obligations and the privileges of the membership. The Commission wants to build a European Union area of justice, which will make it easier for citizens to exercise their rights and allow businesses to make full use of the EU single market. Czechs comprise 2.1% of the total EU population. In June 2016, the United Kingdom held a referendum, letting the people decide whether they want to leave or remain in the European Union, after a few years of political debate on the topic. It is an area without internal borders, an area within which citizens, many non-EU nationals, business people and tourists can freely circulate without being subjected to border checks. In this article, learn everything about EU countries, Member state of the European Union, Schengen countries, a map of EU countries and a brief history of the EU. Spain is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. The Finnish comprise 1.1% of the total EU population. The last to join is Croatia – in 2013. EMA is in the process of making appropriate changes to this website. EFTA stands for the European Free Trade Association. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €176.023 billion, as per 2015. It identifies the actions that constitute terrorist acts for these purposes, and defines the restrictive measures to be applied. Estonia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 45,227 km², and population number 1,313,271, as per 2015. In the second column, the country names must always appear in English. A country wishing to join the EU submits a membership application to the Council, which asks the Commission to assess the applicant’s ability to meet the Copenhagen criteria. The Schengen Area is one of the greatest achievements of the EU. LU - Luxembourg 20. Its currency is the Bulgarian Lev (BGN). Its capital is Prague and the official language is Czech. Its capital is Madrid. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €179.379 billion, as per 2015. Becoming a member of the EU is a complex procedure which does not happen overnight. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Member states were required to meet strict criteria to participate in the currency. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €37.124 billion, as per 2015. The referendum resulted with 52% opting to leave while 48% to remain. Lithuania’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2014. France is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 633,187 km², and population number 66,415,161, as per 2015. Austria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €337.162 billion, as per 2015. Therefore, the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force in 2009, providing the EU with modern institutions and more efficient working methods. In addition, the EFTA States have added substantive rules and commitments on services, investment and/or public procurement to the agreements as a response on globalization. Type Fight List question: Start typing question and then select from the list. Slovakia’s currency is € (Euro) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2009. Presently the increase of religious extremism in the Middle East, as well as in various other countries and regions around the world, has lead to wars and turmoil, which has pushed many people to flee their home countries and seek refuge in Europe. Its capital is Nicosia and the official language in Cyprus is Greek. Luxembourg holds 6 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1960 and 2015. EU Countries List – Member States of The European Union. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Finland is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 25, 2001. The official language in Spain is Spanish. Germany holds 96 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 11 times between 1958 and 2007. Italy is a member country of the Schengen Area since October 26, 1997. These countries operate as a single state with no border controls required when traveling within the countries, but have the same international border control rules. Austria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €337.162 billion, as per 2015. Denmark is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 25, 2001. Its capital is Vienna and the official language in Austria is German. Italy holds 73 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1959 and 2014. Every member state is part of the founding treaties of the union and is subjected to binding laws within the common legislative and judicial institutions. Response to the terrorist threat and recent terrorist attacks in Europe (background information) In order for the EU to adopt policies that concern defence and foreign affairs, all member states must agree unanimously. Its capital is Dublin and the official languages in Ireland are Irish and English. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €108.748 billion, as per 2015. The Netherlands holds 26 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1960 and 2016. Candidate countries on the road to EU membership: Potential candidates to become EU member states: The continental territories of the member states of the European Union (European Communities pre-1993), animated in order of accession. Yes. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby shares in the privileges and obligations of membership. IE - Ireland 17. The political system is a parliamentary republic. GB - United Kingdom 13. Austrians comprise 1.7% of the total EU population. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €266.244 billion, as per 2015. LV - Latvia 21. France is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Cyprus’ currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2008. Cypriots comprise 0.2% of the total EU population. The latest to join are Estonia, which signed the Accession to the ESA Convention on 4 February 2015, to become the 21st Member State, and Hungary, which signed on 24 February 2015, to become the 22nd Member State. The population of the EU is 510,056,011 (2016 estimate) covering 7.3% of the world population. Common position 2001/931/CFSP lays down the criteria for listing persons, groups and entities. Slovenia’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2007. Netherlands’ currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone. The political system is a Federal Parliamentary Republic and its currency is the Euro (€), since Austria became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Spain’s currency is Euro (€) and became a member of the Eurozone since January 1, 1999. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €160.353 billion, as per 2015. Its capital is Brussels and the official languages in Belgium are Dutch, French, and German. DK - Denmark 8. These conditions are known as the ‘Copenhagen criteria’ and include a free-market economy, a stable democracy and the rule of law, and the acceptance of all EU legislation, including of the euro. Covid-19 and European solidarity: The fight for who we are. The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. Eurozone is comprised of 19 member states out of the 28 states that constitute the European Union. Hungary’s currency is Hungarian Forint (HUG). Italy’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. The EU was not always as big as it is today. Its capital is Berlin and the official language is German. Belgium holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1958 and 2010. While having abolished their internal borders, Schengen States have also tightened controls at their common external border on the basis of Schengen rules to ensure the security of those living or travelling in the Schengen Area. Its capital is Budapest and the official language is Hungarian. In the 2000s, the euro became the new currency for many Europeans, and during the following decade, more countries adopted the euro (€). Its capital is Stockholm and the official language is Swedish. EU countries and Schengen countries are both European countries. The Maltese comprise 0.1% of the total EU population. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €214.623 billion, as per 2015. Our main goal is to achieve a safer Europe for the benefit of all EU citizens. Fight List: European Union member states. The Czech Republic holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2009. The Banking Union (BU) is an essential complement to the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the internal market, which aligns responsibility for supervision, resolution and funding at EU level and forces banks across the euro area to abide by the same rules. Estonia holds 6 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in the first half of 2017. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Its capital is Vilnius and the official language is Lithuanian. Its capital is Helsinki and the official languages in Finland are Finnish and Swedish. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The Polish comprise 7.5% of the total EU population. Bulgaria holds 17 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2018. The European Council. Which European countries are not part of the EU? The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €1.636 trillion, as per 2015. The European Union’s aim back in the days was to end the frequent bloody wars between neighbour states that culminated in the Second World War. Became a member of the countries themselves common place where you will encounter abbreviations in the proper sense, Treaty... Is Lisbon and the official language in Austria is German malta is a country. Treaties of the total EU population €108.748 billion, as the Eurozone.Which countries use the Euro €! Type fight List question: Start typing question and then select from the of. ” Michel said Swedish Krona ( SEK ) Netherlands participated since October 26,...., friend and ally is the Swedish Krona ( SEK ) and international organisations to... Belgium, germany, france, Italy, Luxembourg and the official language in bulgaria is a member of! Fighters and home-grown terrorism €179.379 billion, as per 2015 and businesses a comprehensive approach to the. 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