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christchurch, new zealand earthquake

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The census was ultimately deferred to 5 March 2013. Both COGIC, French Civil Protection and the American USGS requested the activation of the International Charter on Space and Major Disasters on the behalf of MCDEM New Zealand, thus readily providing satellite imagery for aid and rescue services. (2015). [230] AMI Stadium was going to host the rugby league ANZAC Test, however, on 4 March it was announced the match would be moved to Skilled Park on the Gold Coast. [247][248], Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee echoed that fewer claims were expected through the EQC than for 2010. The surrounding districts, Selwyn and Waimakariri, have two of the three highest growth rates in New Zealand, at 2.2% and 1.6%, respectively. [260][262] Personality traits, such as neuroticism and low self-control are associated with a lower sense of normalcy following an earthquake,[260] however optimism is predictive of lower and less severe PTSD symptoms.[260]. [49] In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. [24] The acceleration occurred mainly in a vertical direction,[16] with eyewitness accounts of people being tossed into the air. (2011, February 23 [New Zealand time]). [95][96] Parts of Sumner were evacuated during the night of 22 February after cracks were noticed on a nearby hillside. JPMorgan Chase & Co say the total overall losses related to this earthquake may be US$12 billion. As per the protocols of New Zealand's Coordinated Incident Management System, the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act, and the National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan and Guide, Civil Defence Emergency Management became lead agency—with the Director of the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management John Hamilton as National Controller. [115], The nationalities of the deceased are as follows. [223] Some matches needed to be rescheduled. [106], KiwiRail reported that the TranzAlpine service was terminating at Greymouth and the TranzCoastal terminating at Picton. The population loss caused by the earthquake reversed this, with the Wellington main urban area back in second position. [46] Soil liquefaction and surface flooding also occurred. At least 65 people have died after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch on New Zealand's South Island, Prime Minister John Key says, with fears that the toll will rise. This included Shirley Boys' High School sharing with Papanui High School,[213] Linwood College sharing with Cashmere High School[214] and Avonside Girls High School sharing with Burnside High School[215] and Marian College sharing with St Bedes College and Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti sharing with Halswell Residential College. Subsequent population loss saw the Christchurch main urban area fall behind the Wellington equivalent to decrease from second to third most populous area in New Zealand. Thousands of portaloos and chemical toilets from throughout New Zealand and overseas were brought into the city. [63], The Forsyth Barr Building survived the earthquake but many occupants were trapped after the collapse of the stairwells, forcing some to abseil out after the quake. A Central City Red Zone was established on the day of the earthquake as a public exclusion zone in central Christchurch. [45], Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts. Many of the people trapped in that building were Japanese and other foreign English language students. [190][191][192], Several charity concerts were held both in New Zealand and overseas including a previously unscheduled visit to New Zealand by American rock group Foo Fighters, who performed a Christchurch benefit concert in Auckland on 22 March 2011. The moderate-strength quake hit at 12.36am on Wednesday. [188] New Zealand cricket team captain Daniel Vettori put his personal memorabilia up for auction. Canada is standing by to offer any possible assistance to New Zealand in responding to this natural disaster. [citation needed] Local jazz flautist Miho Wada formed the ensemble Miho's Jazz Orchestra to raise money for recovery efforts. (2015). [72][73] The building was eventually stabilised and, on 4 March it was decided the building would be demolished over the following six months,[74] so that further work could be done with the buildings nearby. The 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011 NZT. [28] The acceleration experienced in February 2011 would "totally flatten" most world cities, causing massive loss of life; in Christchurch, New Zealand's stringent building codes limited the disaster. "[53][54], Of the 3,000 buildings inspected within the four avenues of the central city by 3 March 2011, 45% had been given red or yellow stickers to restrict access because of the safety problems. It was smaller than the September earthquake, but it was more damaging because it was closer to Christchurch and nearer to the surface of the earth. [235], The chief executive of Statistics New Zealand, Geoff Bascand, announced on 25 February that the national census planned for 8 March 2011 would not take place due to the disruption and displacement of people in the Canterbury region, and also the damage sustained by Statistics New Zealand's buildings in Christchurch, which was scheduled to process much of the census. Some government departments and church groups provided grants and assistance. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, also called Canterbury earthquakes, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. It is expected that the State of Emergency Level 3, the highest possible in a regional disaster, will last at least five days. Rowan, C. (2011, February 21). The department responded to the situation by activating their crisis plan, forming 20 trauma teams. [258][262] It's thought that natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are able to induce these positive effects because they affect an entire community, in comparison to an event that targets only an individual. The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. Trajectories of posttraumatic growth and depreciation after two major earthquakes. The February 2011 earthquake hit just a few miles outside Christchurch, New Zealand's third biggest city, causing widespread damage and leaving 185 people dead. [109], 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti could not return to its central city buildings due to demolitions and it has no long term site. For other uses, see, For the aftershock that occurred on 13 June 2011, see, "I know that [Australians'] thoughts are with the people of New Zealand as they grapple with this enormous tragedy in Christchurch. [154], The emergency department of Christchurch Hospital treated 231 patients within one hour of the earthquake. (2014). Prime Minister John Key confirmed that, "All Civil Defence procedures have now been activated; the Civil Defence bunker at parliament is in operation here in Wellington. [82][83], The Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament was also severely damaged, with the towers falling. Prior to the 2010 quake, the EQC had a fund of NZ$5.93 billion according to the EQC 2010 Annual Report, with NZ$4.43 billion left prior to the 2011 quake, after taking off the NZ$1.5 billion cost. Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. [170] Portable shower units were also established in the eastern suburbs. [24], The upwards (positive acceleration) was greater than the downwards, which had a maximum recording of 0.9g; the maximum recorded horizontal acceleration was 1.7g[26] The force of the earthquake was "statistically unlikely" to occur more than once in 1000 years, according to one seismic engineer, with a PGA greater than many modern buildings were designed to withstand. [228] In the ANZ Netball Championship, the earthquake caused significant damage to the Canterbury Tactix's main home venue, CBS Canterbury Arena, and the franchise's head office at Queen Elizabeth II Park. [64] Search of the building was technically difficult for USAR teams, requiring the deconstruction of 4-tonne stair sets, but the building was cleared with no victims discovered.[65]. The Chief Coroner determined that another four deaths were directly associated with the earthquake. The total number of claims for the two events was expected to be 250,000, as Brownlee explained that many of the claims were "overlapping". Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard has offered John Key any other help he may need. We visited Christchurch in 2007 as part of a three week trip around New Zealand and it was one of the most memorable parts of our trip. Three RNZAF Bell UH-1H Iroquois helicopters were also used to transport Police, VIP's and aid to locations around Christchurch. One hundred and eighty five people died as a result of the 22 February earthquake. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. CDEM were supported by local authorities, New Zealand Police, Fire Service, Defence Force and many other agencies and organisations. [78] St Elmo Courts has been damaged in the September 2010 earthquake and the owner intended to repair the building, but further damage caused by the February 2011 event resulted in a decision to demolish, which was done the following month. Weak earthquake strikes west of Christchurch, with more than 600 feeling it. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. It struck the Canterbury region of the island and caused a lot of damage and many deaths in Christchurch, New Zealand's second largest city.. [174] [243], Commercial properties are not insured by the EQC, but by private insurance companies. [138][139] The Sydney Morning Herald reported that two buses and a number of cars were crushed by falling buildings.[19]. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. Japan sent 70 search-and-rescue personnel including specialists from the coastguard, police and fire fighting service, as well as three sniffer dogs. [25][26] (photos) Initial reports said 22 people were in the spire at the time of the collapse. Fergusson, D.M., Boden, J.M., Horwood, L.J., & Mulder, R.T. (2015). [60], The four-storey Pyne Gould Guinness (PGC) House[61] on Cambridge Terrace, headquarters of Pyne Gould Corporation, collapsed, with 18 casualties. [13], Although smaller in magnitude than the 2010 earthquake, the February earthquake was more damaging and deadly for a number of reasons. The EQC again covers all amounts above NZ$4 billion. Buildings were also already weakened from the previous quakes. The epicentre was closer to Christchurch, and shallower at 5 kilometres (3 mi) underground, whereas the September quake was measured at 10 kilometres (6 mi) deep. 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